Just For Educators

Are you a teacher of hispanic literature, latina studies, literary fiction, latin american studies, caribbean literature, contemporary fiction, puerto rican literature, women's fiction, or afro-puerto rican literature? Here's a guide to including Daughters of the Stone in your curriculum:


Questions to Ask 

1. In which ways are the characters informed by their dreams?

2. What is the legacy passed on by Fela? Is it a gift or a curse?

3. What are the different ways of knowing?

4. In what ways do they change as we get closer to the present?

5. Who is The Lady and what role does she play in their lives?

6. In what ways are the women outsiders and what price does each pay for being different?

7. What does the stone represent to each of the main characters?

8. How does African mysticism/spirituality manifest itself in the life of each woman? How does it change with the move to each different culture and time period?

9. In what way does guilt/remorse affect each of the main characters?

10. How does language change/evolve from book to book within the novel?

11. How is language acquired, lost and reclaimed throughout the women's lives?

12. How do the different characters express their creativity?

13. Sleep plays a major role in this book. What is the function of sleep in each of the main character's lives?

14. How would you characterize the Tomás/Fela relationship?

15. What is the significance of storytelling in this family?

16. How does "the gift" manifest itself in each woman's life? How does it change over the course of the novel?

17. The structure of the novel is cyclical. Why does it begin and end in the same place?

18. What does the stone symbolize?

19. Escape is a major theme in the novel. How does each main character deal with this issue? What is she escaping from and what is she hoping to find?

20. What is the most important legacy left to you by your ancestors? 


Selected Bibliography

English-language materials 

1. Delano, Jack. Puerto Rico Mío: Four Decades of Change: Cuatro Décadas de Cambio. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1990.

2. Jopling, Carol F. Puerto Rican Houses in Socio-historical Perspective. Knoxvillle, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1988.

3. Matos-Rodriguez, Felix V. and Pedro Juan Hernández. Images of America: Pioneros: Puerto Ricans in New York City 1896-1948. Chicago, IL: Arcadia Publications, 2001.

4. Twomey, Bill. Images of America: South Bronx. Chicago, IL: Arcadia Publications, 2002. 


Spanish-language materials

1. Acevedo González, Andino. .¡Que tiempos aquellos! Río Piedras, PR: Editorial del la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1992

2. *García, Osvaldo. Fotografías para la história de Puerto Rico. 1844-1952. Río Piedras, PR: Educiones Huracán, 1993.

3. *González, Lydia Milagros y A. G. Quintero Rivera. La otra cara de la historia Vol. 1. Album de fotos de la clase obrera ñiqueña. Río Piedras, PR: CEREP, 1984

4. Mayo Santana, Raúl. et.al.: Cadenas de esclavitud y solidaridad. Esclavos y libertos en San Juan. Siglo XIX. Río Piedras, PR: Editorial del la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1997.

5. Negrón Portillo, Mariano y Raúl Mayo Santana. Las esclavitud urbana en San Juan. Río Piedras, PR: Ediciones Huracán, 2003.

6. *Sued Badillo, Jalil y Angel López Cantos. Puerto Rico negro. Río Piedras, PR: Editorial Cultural, 1986

*Although the text in these editions is in Spanish, the illustrations and photographs make them invaluable to any educator wishing to find visuals for their students. 

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© 2017 Dahlma Llanos-Figueroa | Created by Evan T Bishop Orlando Gonzalez, painter, homepage image | Richard Stokes, photograper, book jacket | Dudley Vacianna, painter, book cover art